Copyright and Permissions

Copyright to Author: The copyright to the article is retained by the author, granting the author full ownership and rights over their work. The author reserves the right to reproduce, distribute, publicly display, and prepare derivative works based on the article. By submitting the article to the journal, the author grants the necessary rights to the journal to publish, distribute, and make the article accessible to the public. The author also grants the journal the right to sublicense these rights to indexing and abstracting services and databases for wider dissemination.

Copyright to Journal: The copyright to the article is retained by the journal, with the explicit consent of the author. The journal is granted the right to publish, reproduce, distribute, and publicly display the article in any format, both in print and digital form. The journal may also sublicense these rights to third-party services, including indexing and abstracting databases, to enhance the visibility and reach of the article. However, the journal will always respect the author's intellectual property rights and seek appropriate permissions before exercising any of the granted rights.

Rights and Permissions: The author acknowledges that the journal may use the article's content for promotional and marketing purposes, with due credit given to the author. The author retains the right to use the article for educational and non-commercial purposes, provided proper attribution to the journal is included. For any commercial use of the article's content, the author and the journal shall negotiate and obtain mutual consent before proceeding.

The journal will ensure that all published articles are accessible to readers under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). This license permits readers to share, adapt, and redistribute the article's content, provided appropriate credit is given to the author and the journal.

Any requests for rights and permissions beyond those granted under this copyright policy should be addressed to the journal's editorial office. The journal is committed to maintaining ethical publishing practices and complying with copyright laws to protect the rights of authors and the integrity of published content.