Exploring Exoplanets at the Nanoscale: A Novel Approach Through Transmission Electron Microscopy





Exoplanets, Space Exploration, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Exoplanet System


This paper explains the theoretical basis and potential efficacy of utilizing TEM for exoplanet discovery. TEM, in order to capture high-resolution images of the internal structure of thin samples, necessitates the passage of an electron beam through them. The innovative concept behind this application exploits the gravitational micro-lensing phenomenon, triggered when a sizable exoplanet transits in front of a distant star, resulting in a discernible gravitational distortion that becomes visible through high-resolution imaging. The effectiveness of this method is intertwined with the unique challenges posed by exoplanet detection. Conventional approaches grapple with limitations related to factors such as planetary size, distance from the host star, and background noise. TEM's exceptional high resolution offers a means to overcome some of these obstacles, enabling direct imaging of exoplanets and their atmospheric characteristics. Nevertheless, numerous challenges persist, including the necessity for an extensive network of synchronized TEM equipment and intricate data analysis techniques to differentiate gravitational micro-lensing events from other forms of distortion, as well as accurately ascertain their size. To gain a comprehensive grasp of TEM's potential and limitations in reshaping our comprehension of exoplanetary systems, further research, collaborative initiatives, and technological advancements are imperative.


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Author Biography

Hiba P, PG Research Scholar, Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Puducherry, India – 605014

Hiba P, from Mukkam, Kerala, India, is a passionate and dedicated scholar with a deep interest in science. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Physics and is on an exciting journey of exploration and research in the fields of astrophysics and materials science. Hiba has attended important conferences and workshops to learn and share her knowledge. In 2023, she took part in the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (NExScI) Sagan Summer Workshop, where she explored the fascinating world of exoplanet atmospheres. She's skilled in using Python for her research. She also presented her research on 'Detection of Exoplanets using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)' at the Association of Indian Physicists (AIP) National Symposium in 2023. Hiba's dedication to science was evident in her poster presentation on 'Magnetic Reconnection in Astrophysical Plasmas' at a national symposium. Hiba has participated in international conferences and even learned about drone surveying and map digitalization at a workshop. Her academic journey reflects her strong commitment to expanding our knowledge in her chosen fields. She's on a mission to contribute to the world of science and make new discoveries.




How to Cite

P, H. (2023). Exploring Exoplanets at the Nanoscale: A Novel Approach Through Transmission Electron Microscopy. Acceleron Aerospace Journal, 1(3), 54–57. https://doi.org/10.61359/11.2106-2312