Effect of Hydrogen Addition on Soot Reduction in Diffusion Flames





Diffusion, Hydrogen, Soot Reduction, Turbulence


This study explores the effects of hydrogen addition on soot reduction in methane-air diffusion flames, employing computational analysis coupled with chemical equilibrium and k-epsilon combustion turbulence models. By varying the fuel mixture with hydrogen mass percentages ranging from 0% to 11%, alterations in flame behaviour were observed. Results revealed a notable increase in maximum flame temperature at 1.3% hydrogen addition, attributed to enhance combustion efficiency, while subsequent additions led to temperature decrements due to dilution effects. Concurrently, soot production exhibited a general decrease, with reductions quantified up to 96.7% compared to baseline conditions, primarily due to improved oxidation and decreased carbon content. Additionally, the position of maximum flame temperature and soot mass fraction shifted along the axial direction owing to hydrogen's higher flammability compared to methane-air diffusion. These findings offer insights into optimizing flame characteristics for reduced particulate matter emissions, emphasizing the potential of hydrogen addition in mitigating soot formation in diffusion flames.


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Futassa, L. D., Mwiya, F., Kalunga, W. S., Adolf, J., & Kumar, A. (2024). Effect of Hydrogen Addition on Soot Reduction in Diffusion Flames. Acceleron Aerospace Journal, 2(6), 329–336. https://doi.org/10.61359/11.2106-2426